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2022

Distance Learning and Online Coordination of Service in Pennsylvania’s Rural School Districts

December 14, 2022  | Education

The purpose of this research was to: 1) understand the specific problems that rural school districts encountered during the pandemic; 2) learn how these districts responded to their unique challenges; and 3) identify the policies, practices, and resources that are needed for Pennsylvania rural schools to be better prepared for the next emergency that could close schools for an extended period.

Executive Summary

Tags:  distance learning , rural schools , 1:1 computing devices , teacher shortages , teacher shor , state and federal regulations , mental health , broadband

Social Determinants of Health in the Age of COVID: Effects of Social Isolation Among Adults 62+ in Rural Pennsylvania

November 03, 2022  | Rural People and Communities

This study analyzed the extent of social isolation among rural Pennsylvanians aged 62 or older, evaluated the determinants of social isolation among older residents, identified evidence-based programs and services that minimize social isolation, and assessed potential replicability in Pennsylvania.

Executive Summary

Tags:  mental health , older adults , social isolation , me , rural communities

Access to Mental Health Services in Rural Pennsylvania

January 24, 2022  | Health Care and Human Services

This research assessed the demand for mental health services in rural Pennsylvania with a focus on youth and the elderly. It identified challenges these populations face in accessing mental health care to provide options for improving and expanding mental health care services for underserved rural Pennsylvanians.

Executive Summary

Tags:  mental health , youth , elderly

2021

Recruitment and Retention Issues for Counselors in Rural Pennsylvania Substance Use Disorder Treatment Programs

October 11, 2021  | Health Care and Human Services

Recruiting high-quality counselors is a major problem for rural substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programs. Treatment program directors linked recruitment problems to low salaries, the rural location of the treatment facility, and the lack of adequate training in the SUD field. Emotional exhaustion was the strongest predictor of intent to quit. Low job satisfaction, poor management communication, and a high percentage of clients on medication-assisted treatment were also related to the intent to quit. 

Executive Summary

Tags:  counseling services , treatment , substance use disorder , mental health

Suicide Trends and Prevention in Rural Pennsylvania Counties and Schools

June 19, 2021  | Health Care and Human Services

This study examined the overall trends in suicide across Pennsylvania from 1990 to 2018, the suicide prevention programs currently used by counties, and the programs that are used in K - 12 school districts. Suicide rates have been increasing over the last decade. In 2018, the suicide rate in rural counties was 25 percent higher than in urban counties. Higher numbers of handgun sales, lower levels of education, lower incomes, larger populations over age 65, and higher unemployment correlate with higher rural suicide rates. 

Executive Summary

Tags:  mental health , suicide

Introducing the Center's new journal, Rural Policy: The Research Bulletin of the Center for Rural Pennsylvania.